Wettability of Dendrocalmus asper under Various Heating Time during Composites Making Process

Baiti, Risa Nurin and Maulana, Sena and Mangurai, Silvia Uthari Nuzaverra Mayang and Murda, Rio Ardiansyah and Bindar, Yazid (2021) Wettability of Dendrocalmus asper under Various Heating Time during Composites Making Process. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 830 (012012).

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Official URL: https://iopscience.iop.org/issue/1755-1315/830/1

Abstract

Bamboos are often used due to their abundance, fast growth rate, cheap price, ductility, and formability in the sector of transportation, musical instrument, cooking ware, etc. For construction purposes, Dendrocalamus asper, (locally known as “Bambu betung”), is used as bamboo composites. The properties of bamboo are highly improved by using phenolic resins (phenol-formaldehyde) as an adhesive in bamboo composites. Bamboo is stronger and more susceptible to any liquid. The liquid is the most common enemy to plant-based structure due to the softening effect. Thus, the wettability of bamboo is an important matter as it indicates the ability of a liquid to spread and penetrate on the surface. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of various heating times to wettability properties of heat-treated D. asper strands during the bamboo-composite making process. Before testing, the bamboo was cut, cleaned, and sand-grinded. The bamboo strands were heated at 140oC for 1, 2, and 3 hours. Then, the surface of bamboo was evaluated by measuring the contact angle based on the sessile drop method. The constant contact angle was obtained by calculating the regression formula between time (t) and contact angle (θ). The wettability was indicated by the value of K. The color of heat-treated bamboo strands was measured by portable color difference meter model CDX 105 and characterized by CIE Lab. The results showed that the longer the holding time, the surface became more hydrophobic, showed by a highercontact angle. Longer heating gives more time to the resin to spread more evenly into the pores of bamboo so that the hydrophobicity of bamboo composites is increased. The lightness value (L*) of heat-treated bamboo strands tended to decrease with increasing temperature and time of heat treatment. To conclude, for further making the process of bamboo composites using D. asper, we recommend curing the composites for 3 hours.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bamboo composite materials, Dendrocalamus asper, heating holding time, heat treatment, wettability
Subjects: Ilmu Teknik > Ilmu Keteknikan Industri > Teknik Mesin (dan Ilmu Permesinan Lain)
Ilmu Teknik > Ilmu Keteknikan Industri > Teknik Material (Ilmu Bahan)
Divisions: Jurusan Teknik Mesin > Prodi Teknik Mesin > Publikasi
Depositing User: Risa Nurin Baiti
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2023 01:48
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2023 01:48
URI: http://repository.pnb.ac.id/id/eprint/4972

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